2010 Global Education Conference

The Earth Charter Initiative

TITLE: Bringing Values and Principles of Sustainability into Education
PRESENTER: Alicia Jimenez, Earth Charter International Secretariat (Costa Rica)
CO-PRESENTER: Marina Bakhnova
TIME: GMT Wed 17 Nov 2010 05:00PM (click for international time conversions)
SESSION ROOM:CLICK HERE to enter the Elluminate session room, open one hour before session.
FORMAT: Presentation
SHORT DESCRIPTION: Concerned about the importance of promoting ethical principles that would lead to more sustainable societies, this session will present and discuss methodologies and experiences of how to incorporate values for sustainability into education systems using the Earth Charter. Some of the questions that will be discussed in this working session will be: - How can we best integrate values of sustainability into education, and what are these values? - How can the Earth Charter be used to advance processes of education for sustainable development?
SPONSORING PARTNER: The Earth Charter Initiative
TRACK: Teacher

TITLE: Sustainable Grazing Role of Indegenous Shona Traditional Knowledge blended by modern technologies for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
PRESENTER: Osmond Mugweni, Africa 2000 Network Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe)
TIME: Not Scheduled
SESSION ROOM:CLICK HERE to enter the Elluminate session room, open one hour before session.
FORMAT: Keynote (by invitation only)
SHORT DESCRIPTION: Abstract: Scope presentation: Holistic Resource Management with a focus on Sustainable Grazing Management for Semi-arid Rangelands: Osmond Mugweni. In the Shona culture and belief system, the land evolved with herding grazers and the absence of one results in the destruction or extinction of the other. Numbers game had no role to protect vegetation then. The conventional grazing management belief that “too many animals cause overgrazing” is a misconception of the semi-arid savanna environments of Southern Africa where these environments evolved with thousands of herding grazers such as wildebeest, buffalo, elephants with their predators lions, leopards, cheetah and hyena. When animals intensively grazed for short periods (at most a month) they left and came back after one or two seasons. Predators (lions, leopards, cheetah, hyena etc) controlled the timing of rangelands use by grazers as they kept the grazers bunched and moving. The Shona believe that overgrazing is caused by inadequate recovery period for grazed plants. They view that in conventional grazing management overgrazing is due to continuous grazing or rapid rotational grazing cycles where the plants are continuously exposed to the animals or grazes too soon in a rapid grazing cycle. Pilot work conducted for the period 1986 to 2002 as regards time controlled grazing; overgrazing, rest and animal impact in semi-arid/brittle environments/rangelands can be summarized as: Overgrazing weakens or even kills individual plants which reduce the ability of such plants to provide soil cover. Over-rest also produces this. The noted difference is that under overgrazing the plants are often of many age groups, while under over-rest the plants are usually old and dying with fewer young plants. High animal impact causes many plants to grow with tight plant spacing. On the other hand, no animal impact causes ever-increasing spaces between plants on capped soil surfaces. Overgrazing with low animal impact and no herding behaviour causes large bare areas to develop, similar to what is produced by effects of over-rest. Overgrazing combined with high animal impact, which is common in Zimbabwean Communal Areas, accompanied by herding behaviour, results in tight low vigour plant communities of a near mono-culture with a high proportion of growing leaf and young plants. Time controlled grazing combined with high animal impact and herding behaviour produces multi-species of healthy, tight plant communities with a good age distribution, which would support many other life forms on such a land. This seems to be the desirable productive, ecologically stable and sustainable system to be promoted for the future management of Communal Grazing. The Solution for Semi-arid rangelands degradation: Time controlled grazing based on Indigenous Shona Grazing Management Practices. Heavy stocking rates for short period followed by long recovery periods. Land divided into adequate units such that 1/3 of the area is grazed in early summer, 1/3 in late summer and 1/3 receive full summer recovery period (not grazes). These units are rotated annually. This is simulation of the community herding that was characteristic of the Shona hamlets of Zimbabwe in the 16th to the 18th Century.
WEBSITE: http://njeremotoblogplace.com
SPONSORING PARTNER: The Earth Charter Initiative
TRACK: Global Issues